Year 10

Careers Education


This year you'll continue to learn about careers  in tutor time, PSHE and in your classrooms during your learning.

In tutor-time you'll begin to learn careers terminology, tools we use to explore careers and education and learn about the different types of jobs currenlty available. 

In PSHE you will becreating your own CV, writing a covering letter and learning why you will use them. You'll learn about the different types of job interview and the skills involved. You'll also learn how to network online and build a Linkedin Profile.

Your teachers will begin to play videos during lesson time, of people talking about their jobs and how it links to the topics you are studying in your classrooms. We hope you'll understand why it is you learn particular topics at school and how that will link to jobs and interests you may have in the future.

You will also be invited to a careers event, where you'll meet employers who will show you what they do in their job roles through demostrations or pieces of work they have brought in for you to explore. 

There will also be a Post 16 event that will give you an opportunity to speak with Post 16 and Higher Education providers about the courses they offer and what student life is like!

We hope this year's careers programme is inspirational and has given you ideas and skills you may want to develop in future study and clubs.

Work Experience Guidance (WEX) 

Monday 10 - Friday 14 July 2023

Firstly, it's important to understand why it is we spend time in work experience. Wex is not just for secondary school students but for people of all ages who:

  • Would like to develop skills and experience to put them at an advantage when finding work in this area or applying for courses and university. 
  • Gain insight to a particular career to see if they'd enjoy working in this area in the future
  • Insight into the workplace and understand the behaviors expected.
  • A foot in the door with a particular employer they may like to work for in the future

How To Find A Placement?

What is it you'd like to do? Are you willing to travel or would like something local? Are there particular skills you'd like to develop such as leadership skills in sports coaching or people skills, communication and confidence in a cafe

Please note: For a placement to be approved the employer must be able to:

RAS has a list of employers used on previous WEX placements, which you are welcome to contact.

Click here for the list.

You can also google search companies using keyworks for example, vets, architechs or healthcare in Bath/ Bristol.

Send an email to the employer asking for work experience, you're welcome to use this template and adjust it to suit you.

Click here for email template

Give the employer a call. If it's a small business ask to speak to the Manager. If it is a large business ask to speak to the work experience coordinator.

If you do call, be sure to list the questions you want to ask before hand. You will also need information such as the dates and times of work experience and your contact details.

You can always drop into the business and ask in person. Remember to look presentable.

We are offering work experience workshops if you need support finding a placement. Let you tutor know if you would like to come along.

Work Experience health and safety form:

Please provide the employer with your full name and date of birth.

Form for Students:

Form for Employers:


Fun Quizzes and Websites 

This section provides links to fun websites that offer personality and skills quizzes to learn more about yourself and your interests. You may even want to take a careers quiz and explore the jobs sectors that your current skills are matched to.

National Geographic Personality Quizzes

The Buzz Quiz- which animal personality will you have?

Careers Pilot

Explore careers, your skillset, qualifactions in prepartion for choosing Post 16 and work experience. Click here.

Watch Videos of people talking about their jobs

BBC Bitesize Careers




Careers Terminology


What is a career?

Career actually has two definitions. The word career is often used to refer to a profession, occupation, trade or vocation. A career could define what you do for a living and range from those that require extensive training and education to those you can perform with only secondary school qualifactions and a willingness to learn.

A career could mean working as a doctor, lawyer, teacher, carpenter, veterinary assistant, electrician, cashier, teacher or hairstylist.

What is a careers sector?

Careers or job sectors are are similar jobs put into groups. For example, the following are examples of job sectors:

retail, construction, healthcare, Information Technology (IT), sports and leisure and the creative industry.

What is a skill?

A skill is a talent or something you are good at. 

What is a labour larket?

It's a job market, the availablity of jobs currenlty in the UK for example.

What is employment?

Having paid work or a job.

What is a wage?

A wage is the money paid to a person with a job. This person will get paid for the work by the hour, so if they have worked 30 hours that week, they will be paid 30 hours work.

What is employability?

Employability refers to the attributes of a person (skills and personal qualities) that make that person able to gain and maintain employment or a job..​​

This could be developing their skills and knowledge through education, training and work experience.

What is enterprise and entrepreneurship?

Enterprise is another word for a business or company that makes profit.​​

Entrepreneurship, is setting up a business or businesses and taking on financial risks in hope of  making profit

What is Post 16 or Further Education?

It is a term used for education and training after secondary for 16 to 19 year olds.

What is Post 18 or HIgher Education?

This is a term used for education or training available for 18/19 year olds after completing post 16.

Post 18 or higher education, is usually university, higher or degree apprenticeships or a job with training.

What is an apprenticeship?

An apprenticeship is gaining a qualifaction in a job. This will involve 4 days a week in your job and one day a week in a college, training provider or university.

You can start an apprenticeship straight after secondary school, after Post 16, or even after university. 

The great thing about apprenticeships is you get paid and the qualifaction is paid for as well.

What is university?

Is a high-level educational institution in which students study for degrees and where academic research is done.

You may go to univeristy to work towards being a Doctor or Nurse, Lawyer or Police Officer, Teacher, Manager, Engineer or an area of beauty, media and fashion. Or you may want to study a subject you really enjoy, such as geography, computer science or mathematics.

You can also gain a degree through the apprenticeship scheme and you won't have to pay for this qualifaction!

For more information on university and undergradguate study, please visit the UCAS website by clicking here.

For information on apprenticeships and the types of apprenticeships currently available in the UK, click on the following links.


The Apprenticeship Guide


Who can I talk to about careers and education?

Miss Taylor the Careers Adviser is available to speak with students who would like to discuss education, employment and careers.

You are invited to email Miss Taylor: 

Alternatively, you're very welcome to talk to Mrs Rogers ,Teacher in Charge of Careers in M18.


Post 16 Options

What's on Offer

What's your next move1.


What are the Government requirements? 

It is a requirement to participate in some sort of education or training between the ages of 16- 18, and there are different ways to achieve this, depending on the young person: 

  • Stay in full-time education, for example at a college or 6th form 

  • Start an apprenticeship or traineeship 

  • Spend 20 hours or more a week working or volunteering, while in part-time education or training        


Information on Working At School Age

Most young people would like to work, this is an essential part of gaining independence, learning work and life skills, and most importantly for you, earning some money!

We would like to offer you some guidance from BANES local authority, on child employment.

Careers Advice- Where to Start            

A few pointers on where to start:


  1. Careers ideas to explore

  1. Your interests in and outside school

  2. The skills you enjoy using? 

  3.  Abilities, learning style and predicted grades.  


1, Careers Ideas to Explore

Do you have any careers in mind? 

Do you know all aspects of the job such as education and training, working hours, job responsibilities and career progression?  

Labour Market Information can give you all the information you’ll need regarding the working hours, salary details, the growth of a job sector and in what regions of the UK. This can help you plan a career to ensure you are entering an industry where there will be jobs on completion of training. Some sectors are in demand, bear that in mind. 

Example of Labour Market Information (LMI( Careerpilot : Job sectors : Medical : Job profiles : Nurse 

To explore the careers you have an interest in go to:

Careers Pilot- Take a careers quiz, explore careers linked to the school subjects of interest or the different job sectors such as healthcare, business finance or Engineering 

Careerpilot : Jobs 

Prospects Job Profiles- For those students who are thinking of going to university and would like to explore careers in detail or what else they can do with their degree. 

Job profiles | 

What can I do with my degree? | 

Icould and BBC Bitesize Careers- Hard to imagine what a job may be like? Perhaps careers videos may help. Follow the links to hear what others have to say about their roles and how they got there. 

Articles Archive - icould 

Careers A to Z: Find your perfect job - BBC Bitesize 


Will This Career Need Higher Education?

Higher education is University or higher or degree apprenticeships 

Would like to explore what is available at university- Explore | UCAS

Colleges also offer degree level qualifactions which may be of interest. You may find courses in business, computing, engineering, childcare and education and much more.


Would like to explore what higher/ degree apprenticeships are available after secondary or Post 16, head over to the Apprenticeship Guide to explore what apprenticeships are currently available in the UK. 

The Apprenticeship Guide 


2, What are your interests in and outside school?

When exploring interests, think outside the box! There are many students who are entrepreneurs in the own time, whether that is buying and selling photographic images, building websites for businesses or selling clothes and trainers. 

Some students like social media, may want to venture into digital marketing, social media management or website content management, design or app development. 

Some enjoy watching TV shows such as Interior design, crime, grand designs and believe it or not this is what is influencing and inspiring them into these do consider! 

What school subjects do you enjoy? Are there school subjects you enjoy most? For example, some enjoy history but don’t want to work in museums.  History can prepare us for working in law, law enforcement, government public bodies such as policy, social research, international relations and development to name a few.  

Hobbies and Interests are also important when exploring our future. Of course, it is important to enjoy our work as we wouldn’t study or work to the best of our ability. So, what do you enjoy doing? Clothes making, caring for family members, babysitting, travelling, building and fixing bikes, motors or computers.

Whatever it is it's all worth exploring as it could lead to a fulfilling and rewarding career. Don't worry too much about making the wrong decision, most of use change our mainds in the future and retrain, just choose what interests you and you will enjoy.


3, What Strengths and Skills do you Enjoy Using?

Are there particular skills you use in your lessons or clubs? 

This could be as problem solving, leadership, strategy, creative and design, or building. All these wonderful skills and talents can be linked to particular jobs and careers sectors.

Values are just as important when choosing careers, for example being kind, honest having integrity can be linked to careers, in forensic accountancy, teaching and childcare, midwifery, community carers, politics and law.

4,  Learning Style, Abilities and Predicted Grades.

Learning Styles: It is important to be realistic when choosing your next steps.

Do you enjoy the school setting? Or are you a more hands on learner?  Knowing your learning style can help when choosing your next steps. 

Whatever your style, consider all the pros and cons and really research into the courses, the content, how they are assessed, and what is required from the student in terms of written and study skills before making the decision. 

Colleges offer vocational courses which would be a mixture of theory, practical and some work experience. 

Careerpilot : Get information : Further education at 16+ : What is Further Education (FE)?

Careerpilot : Get information : Vocational qualifications : What are vocational qualifications?

6th forms offer academic and technical study which continues from the school style learning.

Careerpilot : Get information : A Levels : Why choose A Levels, what's involved?

Apprenticeships offer hands on learning in the workplace along with a day in a college, training centre or university for the theoretical or additional training required for the role.

Careerpilot : Get information : Apprenticeships : What is an Apprenticeship, how much will you earn?

Predicted Grades

Always apply for a plan B should you not be sure if you will get the entry requirements.

6th form: You may have just made the entry requirements but later discover that advanced level of study may be too much. Perhaps consider mixture of A levels and BTECS, or vocational offers at college. 

Some really want to do particular A level subject but haven’t yet achieved the entry requirements, then some 6th form provisions offer resits in maths and English alongside A levels or access to level 3 whereby they retake certain GCSEs alongside other level 2 BTEC study then progress to A levels the following year.  

College: Use your predicted grades to assess what  level of study you should apply for  at college. Colleges offer courses from level 1  above, so if you didn't get the entry requires this time, that's ok, the college will offer you a place on a course at a lower level.


Where to start looking? 

Do you want to go to university............?

Then BTECS, T LEVELS and A levels can get you there, but it’s important to know your preferred style of learning. 

The A level route is not for everyone and if you would prefer less exams and more course work then BTECS may be ideal.

If you would prefer a mixture of classroom study, practical learning and up to 45 days in work experience, perhaps the T level may be a good choice.

Or if the you want to gain a qualifaction while working and earning a wage, the apprenticeship route may be for you! Although only very few univerisities will take apprenticeships as an entry requirement, you can get a degree through the apprenticeship scheme.

6th forms 

At this point you may have some ideas and want to explore what education is available, but before you start, here are a few things to think a about. 

When choosing 6th form it’s important to know what is on offer. Ralph Allen has a fantastic 6th form, however, there may also be other options most suited to the to your interests and personal development.  

Some provisions offer tailored programmes around medicine and teaching, some offer different courses such as classic civilisation, economics, design engineering, BTEC business, child development and health and social care. 

All Post 16 providers offer extra and super curricular activities which is good for personal development, for example arts awards, naval cadets, Duke of Edinburgh award, digital skills, sports academies, residential living with a programme of activities.

Whatever you want, there will be something to fit, so be sure to look around, and most definitely apply for more than one!

Applying for just one place will reduce your opportunties should you not get the grades!.


We are lucky to have a good number of colleges in the Bath and Bristol and extended areas, but why would you need to consider other colleges outside of Bath? 

Like the 6th forms, colleges offer many opportunties, different types of courses, T LEVELS and apprenticeships. Some will specialise in agriculture and horticulture, equestrian studies, aquatics, scaffolding and roofing, sports. They will have a programme of extra-curricular activities in which young people can try their hand at other subjects or areas of interest. 

All colleges offer generic courses plus specialise in certain areas. 

Here is a list of colleges in the area. 

  • Bath College (sports football and women's rugby) 

  • Wiltshire College (Agriculture and horticulture) 

  • City of Bristol College 

  • SGS (South Glos and Stroud) College (A levels, Engineering and sports academy) 

  • Harpbury College and University (horse and animal, sports and agriculture, A levels, residential) 

  • Weston College 

  • Sparsholt Hampshire (fish and game) 


Not sure on a particular course, attend one of the college's open events and have a campus tour and talk to the course teachers.  

Still not sure? apply for the courses you have an interest in! The college will either invite  you in for an interview to discuss your suitability and an opportunity to discuss more about the course or an introduction event where you can try out the course subjects. 

What happens if you don't like to course? If you have decided that course or training is not for you, then you have until the first half term in October to talk to enrolment and Careers Advisers to explore the opportunity of studying another course instead. 

The links below are to documents with all the education providers in Bath and Bristol. This will of course save you time searching the internet. 

Bath Pathways- finalpathways_booklet_21-22_v2.pdf ( 

Bristol Post 16 Directory 2023 Click Here


Apprenticeships..... how and where? 

Some general information and advice on the how and where to apply for apprenticeships. 

An apprenticeship is like a job with training. 80% (4 days) of time is with an employer training and working while getting paid, and the other 20% (1 day) is at college, independent training provider or university (depending on the level). 

You can study up to a master's degree level, and there is no tuition or courses fees to pay for as it is all funded, so no student loans. 

For more information on apprenticeships, go to: Becoming an apprentice ( 

Firstly, if applying for an apprenticeship, apply for a full-time course as well as a back-up. Whether that is in Post 16 or higher education, the same applies. No one is guaranteed a job nor an apprenticeship, so have a plan B. 

If you’re applying for an apprenticeship through a college, you’re expected to find a placement who is the learning provider/ employer. Most colleges will have apprenticeships vacancies advertised on their webpage, be sure to look!

You could approach businesses or have a family member or friend who will offer you a placement. 

Small and medium-sized business get funding for apprentices, so this is helpful to know should they want to consider taking the you on. 

For guidance on employing an apprentice and funding please follow: Employing an apprentice: Overview - GOV.UK ( 

You can also apply for apprenticeships through independent training providers (ITP), such as JTL, QA Apprenticeships, Babcock, Professional apprenticeships. ITP's are not colleges.  

Where can I find an apprenticeship.....? 

You can find apprenticeships in the following places: 

  • College websites- Employers advertise apprenticeship vacancies that you can apply for.

  • Employers' websites 

Applying for an Apprenticeship 

A large majority of apprenticeships can be applied for all year round, but college intakes tend to be once or twice a year only. 

It’s important to be work ready in the way of being able write a CV, cover letter, complete an application form, and have good interview skills to wow that employer and get that job! 

 Websites which can help support you work towards getting that job!  

For a CV builder, Cover letters, interview skills and much more. 

Barclays Liferskills- Employability Skills | Young People Job Skills| Life Skills (  

Information on how to get a job, CVs, and much more. 

National Careers Service-  Careers advice | National Careers Service 


Preparing for University....... 

For all information on undergraduate study, how to apply, gaps years, student loans, fees and bursaries and clearing, head over the Ucas/ Undergraduate to learn more. Undergraduate | UCAS

What is an internship? Internships | 

Postgraduate- What is a graduate scheme-Graduate schemes 2022 | 

Alternatives to University- Alternatives to university | 

Child Employment | Bathnes

Where can I find work?

Ideas of the types of work available to young people :

  • Hair, beauty and barber salons
  • Deli, cafe and restaurants
  • Babysitting
  • Dog walking and pet sitting
  • Farming and gardening
  • Office work
  • Shop assistants
  • Car Washing
  • Delivery of newspapers
  • Riding stables
  • Sports coaching
  • Market stalls
  • Updating businesses websites
  • Hotels- house keeping- front of house
  • Working farms, entertainment parks and softplay



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